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How to auto upgrade Virtualbox Guest Additions with Vagrant

How to auto upgrade Virtualbox Guest Additions with Vagrant

Guest Addition is essentially for being able to unleash Vagrant’s full potential, meaning it is important that it is installed and kept updated. However, ensuring your Vagrant boxes are always running the latest version of Guest Additions can be a time-consuming task, stealing away crucial cycles that could be put to better use.

Keeping the tools update is problematic enough until you realize not all boxes available from the official repository even have Guest Additions installed, to begin with. CentOS is guilty of this, and that means you will have to spend time installing the tools every time you launch a new box.

Thankfully, there is a plugin that can manage installing and updating the tools automatically. It also just happens to be one of the most popular plugins available.

How to Build Guest Additions on Windows Operating Systems in Oracle VM VirtualBox

With Oracle VM VirtualBox , you can install Windows, Linux, and even MacOS operating systems by creating virtual machines on your physical computer.

After creating a new VM with VirtualBox, you will need to add the ISO file of the operating system to the CD/DVD partition. For example, after you add the Windows 10 ISO to the VM, you can start the operating system setup by running the VM.

However, after you setup Windows or Linux operating system with VBox, you need to add Guest Additions. In this article, we will review how to setup Guest Additions for Windows Hosts on Oracle VM software.

First of all, let’s talk briefly about what is VirtualBox Guest Software.

What is Guest Additions in VirtualBox?

Guest Software is an additional software for a virtual pc installed and running on the Oracle VM VBox program. Thanks to this package, additional features are added to virtual machines. For example, you can exchange files with your physical computer or use virtual computers in Full Screen Mode, Seamless Mode, and Scaled Mode.

How to Setup Guest Software for Windows Virtual Machine

Adding Oracle Client Packages on a Windows VM is simple and easy. Now, let’s install it for a VM step by step.

Follow the steps below in order to build VBox additions in Oracle software.

Step 1

After setting up a new VM with Oracle VBox click on Devices and then Insert Guest Additions CD image…

Insert Guest Additions CD image.

Step 2

If the Software setup wizard does not start, click on This Computer and then double click on the CD drive.

VirtualBox Guest Additions

Step 3

In the Oracle VM Additions setup wizard, click Next.

Guest Additions Setup Wizard

Step 4

Do not change the setup location to avoid possible errors when installing additional software. Click Next to continue.

Setup Wizard

Step 5

In the Choose Component window, select the features to be installed as follows and click on the Install button to continue.

Choose Components

Step 6

Wait while client software is installed.

Installing VirtualBox Driver Sofware

Step 7

After completing client software, restart the VM for the changes to take effect.

Reboot Now

Step 8

After setting up client software for Windows Hosts, you can use the VM in full-screen mode. You can also transfer your files between your host and the virtual machine by using the drag-and-drop method.

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Virtual Machine Screen Resolution

Final Word

In this article, we have discussed how to install Guest Additions, an additional software for the Oracle VM virtualization program. Thanks for following us!

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Edit Package

To edit the metadata for a package, please upload an updated version of the package.

Chocolatey’s Community Package Repository currently does not allow updating package metadata on the website. This helps ensure that the package itself (and the source used to build the package) remains the one true source of package metadata.

This does require that you increment the package version.

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3 Passing Tests

Validation Testing Passed

Verification Testing Passed

Scan Testing Successful:

No detections found in any package files

  • Individual
  • Organization
  • Install
  • Upgrade
  • Uninstall

To install Virtualbox Guest Additions For Guest Windows OS (Install), run the following command from the command line or from PowerShell:

To upgrade Virtualbox Guest Additions For Guest Windows OS (Install), run the following command from the command line or from PowerShell:

To uninstall Virtualbox Guest Additions For Guest Windows OS (Install), run the following command from the command line or from PowerShell:

NOTE: This applies to both open source and commercial editions of Chocolatey.

1. Ensure you are set for organizational deployment

  • Open Source or Commercial:
    • Proxy Repository — Create a proxy nuget repository on Nexus, Artifactory Pro, or a proxy Chocolatey repository on ProGet. Point your upstream to https://community.chocolatey.org/api/v2. Packages cache on first access automatically. Make sure your choco clients are using your proxy repository as a source and NOT the default community repository. See source command for more information.
    • You can also just download the package and push it to a repository Download
    • Open Source
      • Download the Package Download
      • Run choco download virtualbox-guest-additions-guest.install —internalize —source=https://community.chocolatey.org/api/v2 (additional options)
      • Run choco push —source="’http://internal/odata/repo’" for package and dependencies

      3. Enter your internal repository url

      4. Choose your deployment method:

      • Generic
      • Ansible
      • Chef
      • Otter
      • PS DSC
      • Puppet
      • Salt

      Add this to a PowerShell script or use a Batch script with tools and in places where you are calling directly to Chocolatey. If you are integrating, keep in mind enhanced exit codes.

      If you do use a PowerShell script, use the following to ensure bad exit codes are shown as failures:

      Requires Otter Chocolatey Extension. See docs at https://inedo.com/den/otter/chocolatey.

      Requires cChoco DSC Resource. See docs at https://github.com/chocolatey/cChoco.

      Requires Puppet Chocolatey Provider module. See docs at https://forge.puppet.com/puppetlabs/chocolatey.

      5. If applicable — Chocolatey configuration/installation

      See infrastructure management matrix for Chocolatey configuration elements and examples.

      This package is likely a meta/virtual (*) or an installer (*.install) or portable (*.portable) application package.

      • Meta/virtual (*) — has a dependency on the *.install or the *.portable package — it is provided for discoverability and for other packages to take a dependency on.
      • Portable (*.portable/*.commandline (deprecated naming convention)/*.tool (deprecated naming convention)) — usually zips or archives that require no administrative access to install.
      • Install (*.install/*.app (deprecated naming convention)) — uses native installers, usually requires administrative access to install.

      Learn more about chocolatey’s distinction of installed versus portable apps and/or learn about this kind of package.

      There are versions of this package awaiting moderation . See the Version History section below.

      This package was approved as a trusted package on 29 Jul 2021.

      NOTE: This package should be installed inside your guest Windows VM and is useful for automating the building of Virtualbox VM’s. It is not meant to be installed on the host.

      The Guest Additions are designed to be installed inside a virtual machine after the guest operating system has been installed. They consist of device drivers and system applications that optimize the guest operating system for better performance and usability.

      The Guest Additions offer the following features:

      • Mouse pointer integration. To overcome the limitations for mouse support described in Section 1.9.2, “Capturing and Releasing Keyboard and Mouse”, this feature provides you with seamless mouse support. You will only have one mouse pointer and pressing the Host key is no longer required to "free" the mouse from being captured by the guest OS.
      • Shared folders. These provide an easy way to exchange files between the host and the guest. Much like ordinary Windows network shares, you can tell Oracle VM VirtualBox to treat a certain host directory as a shared folder, and Oracle VM VirtualBox will make it available to the guest operating system as a network share, irrespective of whether guest actually has a network.
      • Better video support. While the virtual graphics card which Oracle VM VirtualBox emulates for any guest operating system provides all the basic features, the custom video drivers that are installed with the Guest Additions provide you with extra high and non-standard video modes, as well as accelerated video performance.
        In addition, with Windows, Linux, and Oracle Solaris guests, you can resize the virtual machine’s window if the Guest Additions are installed. The video resolution in the guest will be automatically adjusted, as if you had manually entered an arbitrary resolution in the guest’s Display settings.
      • Seamless windows. With this feature, the individual windows that are displayed on the desktop of the virtual machine can be mapped on the host’s desktop, as if the underlying application was actually running on the host.
      • Generic host/guest communication channels. The Guest Additions enable you to control and monitor guest execution. The "guest properties" provide a generic string-based mechanism to exchange data bits between a guest and a host, some of which have special meanings for controlling and monitoring the guest.
      • Time synchronization. With the Guest Additions installed, Oracle VM VirtualBox can ensure that the guest’s system time is better synchronized with that of the host.
      • Shared clipboard. With the Guest Additions installed, the clipboard of the guest operating system can optionally be shared with your host operating system.
      • Automated logins. Also called credentials passing.

      Each version of Oracle VM VirtualBox, even minor releases, ship with their own version of the Guest Additions. While the interfaces through which the Oracle VM VirtualBox core communicates with the Guest Additions are kept stable so that Guest Additions already installed in a VM should continue to work when Oracle VM VirtualBox is upgraded on the host, for best results, it is recommended to keep the Guest Additions at the same version.

      The Windows and Linux Guest Additions therefore check automatically whether they have to be updated. If the host is running a newer Oracle VM VirtualBox version than the Guest Additions, a notification with further instructions is displayed in the guest.

      NOTE: This is an automatically updated package. If you find it is out of date by more than a week, please contact the maintainer(s) and let them know the package is no longer updating correctly.

      Insert the VirtualBox guest additions CD

      As mentioned in the beginning of this article, the VirtualBox guest additions are located on a CD image. To access the CD contents, we need to insert the CD into the virtual CD-ROM drive of your virtual machine. Simply select DevicesInsert Guest Additions CD Image… to insert this CD-ROM into the virtual CD drive:

      Virtual machine screenshot that show you how to insert the guest additions CD image through the VirtualBox menu

      After inserting the CD-ROM, Debian automatically mounts the CD-ROM for you. While doing so, it attempts to automatically run software on the CD-ROM. Click Cancel on these dialogs.

      Theoretically, we do need to run this software for installing the VirtualBox guest additions, but the installation needs to be done with super user privileges. Therefore, we cancel the installation now. Later on we will start the installation manually from the terminal, where we can use sudo to perform the installation with super user privileges.

      Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Kali Linux

      The VirtualBox Guest Additions provide proper mouse and screen integration, as well as folder sharing, with your host operating system. To install them, proceed as follows.

      Start up your Kali Linux virtual machine, open a terminal window and issue the following commands.
      These commands are for latest Kali Linux version.

      1. apt-get update
      2. apt-get install -y virtualbox-guest-x11
      3. Reboot

      How to Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Kali Linux?

      Operational Processes

      Environment

      • Host OS: Manjaro Linux based on Arch Linux
      • Guest OS: Raspbian

      Step 1: Getting the installer

      Manjaro Linux package manager lists the virtualbox-guest-iso package:

      According to ArchWiki, installing it creates the ISO file as /usr/lib/virtualbox/additions/VBoxGuestAdditions.iso .

      Alternatively, we can also download it directly.
      (Besides, it’s necessary to check the VirtualBox version beforehand.)

      Step 2: Installation

      Set the iso to the guest storage like this:

      And then start the guest OS.

      In Raspbian, the iso media will be mounted automatically.
      (Otherwise, it’s necessary to mount it manually.)

      Scripts to install VirtualBox Guest Additions to the guest are found in the media directory.

      Choose the script compatible with the guest OS and run it:

      When the installation completes, shutdown the guest and eject the iso from the storage.
      It’s done.

      2 thoughts on “Install virtualbox guest additions mac os x”

      If you found this page, then you are probably in the situation where you need to be able to run Windows-only software on your Macintosh computer. Here is a summary of the steps you need to follow in order, followed by the detailed instructions for each step.

      If it is your first time trying to fix your VM screen size, then I highly suggest following the step found in this itgirl. First of all, this a band-aid fix rather than a proper way of ensuring automatically optimized screen resolution across all types of monitors.

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